Author Archives: RLC

#radlibchat – 12th April 2016

For the eighth #radlibchat at 20:00 (GMT+1/15:00 EST*) on Tuesday 12th April, we will be discussing whiteness in library and information science with specific reference to April Hathcock’s White Librarianship in Blackface: Diversity Initiatives in LIS.

As always, reading the article isn’t a pre-requisite for joining in, but we would very much encourage you to read April’s article.

The discussion will be hosted by @AprilHathcock in conjunction with @RadicalLibs on Twitter using the #radlibchat hashtag.

Questions for the chat (c/o April).

1. What kind of diversity initiatives do you have at your library? Are they effective? How can you tell?
2. In what ways do you see whiteness at work in your library?
3. Do you perform whiteness at work? Do you expect others to? How?
4. What can we do to dismantle whiteness in our profession?
4.5. What role can white people play in helping to dismantle whiteness?
5. How can we mentor/help others to navigate the whiteness in our profession?
* Please note, this originally stated 14:00EST…but due to poor time conversion skills, it turns out this was wrong. Apologies!

#radlibchat – 8th March 2016

For the seventh #radlibchat at 20.00 (GMT) on Tuesday 8th March, we will be discussing critical information literacy praxis, using Eamon Tewell’s open access article ‘A decade of critical information literacy: a review of the literature‘ as suggested background reading plus April Hathcock’s Decolonizing social justice work‘ blog post to shape questions about decolonizing critical information literacy.

The discussion will be hosted by @RadicalLibs on Twitter using the #radlibchat hashtag.

You can suggest questions or points for discussion, or comment on the questions ahead of time using the #radlibchat etherpad – or comment on this blog post.

Questions

Citing the work of educator Paulo Freire, Tewell (p. 26) argues that:

Critical pedagogy is in essence a project that positions education as a catalyst for social justice…

Q1. How far do you consider critical pedagogy in #infolit to be a form of social justice work?

Definitions of ‘information literacy’ are contested and standards, codes and and frameworks abound in our professional organisations. Can we “hate the framework, love the frame” as Kevin Seeber suggests?

Q2. How do you reconcile critical #infolit approaches with standards such as the ACRL ‘Framework…’ or the SCONUL ‘Seven Pillars’?

We talk about praxis as a reciprocal combination of theory and practice, but it is not necessarily obvious how to put theory into practice in #infolit work. Jessimaka recently asked about practical examples of critical pedagogy, which resonated with me:

Q3. What does critical-informed #infolit look like to you, in practice? Practical examples from your work very welcome.

Previous #critlib chats on critical pedagogy and information literacy included discussion of practical problems using a critical approach in the neoliberal academy, especially when information literacy is set up as a “one shot” session.

Q4. Can we reconcile a critical #infolit approach with a ‘student satisfaction’ agenda, and marketized higher education?

Q5. What suggestions can you offer to include critical approaches in “one shot” #infolit, if this is all that is available?

April Hathcock (2016) problematizes the false dichotomy of theory vs. practice in a recent blog post, and calls instead for decolonizing of theory:

We’ve been framing the debate as theory vs practice or lived experience vs theory, but for those of us who critique critical theoretical work from within, we’re talking about something much more nuanced. We’re not saying theory has no place or lived experience can’t be theoretical. What we are saying is that much of the theory we see and hear from our colleagues remains largely colonized, that is, it is largely white, male, Western, cis-het, Judeo-Christian.

Q6. How can we move to decolonize our own critical #infolit practices?

Tewell’s closing paragraph (p. 37) emphasizes the importance of developing critical praxis in librarianship:

It is the writings, words, and work of others that helps us as a profession to achieve praxis via the reciprocity of theory, practice and action, and to thereby provide educational opportunities with emancipatory possibilities for both our students and ourselves.

Q7. How could we frame this approach with respect to the centrality of lived experience emphasized by Hathcock and others?

Q8. Finally, Tewell’s paper is a review. What recommended reading or further suggestions would you add to it about critical #infolit?

References

Hathcock, A. (2016) ‘Decolonizing social justice work’, At the Intersection, 2 March. Available at: https://aprilhathcock.wordpress.com/2016/03/02/decolonizing-social-justice-work/

Tewell, E. (2015). ‘A decade of critical information literacy: a review of the literature’, Communications in Information Literacy, 9(1) [Online]. Available at: http://www.comminfolit.org/index.php?journal=cil&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=v9i1p24

#radlibchat – 9th February 2016

For the sixth radlibchat at 20.00 (GMT) on Tuesday 9th February to tie in with the libraries lobby, we will be discussing Unions in Public and Academic Libraries by Kathleen de la Peña McCook (OA article available here).

The discussion will be hosted by @RadicalLibs on Twitter using the #radlibchat hashtag.

Questions

  1. To what extent should associations focus on the rights of workers?
  2. Are trade unions more of less effective in defending library workers than associations?
  3. Can unions still be an effective mechanism to defend worker rights in a neoliberal, globalised environment?
  4. Are there overarching themes for advocacy or is it still very localized, as noted in the article?
  5. How may we effectively advocate for our professional selves?

#radlibchat – 12th January 2016

For the fifth radlibchat at 20.00 (GMT) on Tuesday 12th January, we thought we’d break from the chat around an Open Access article for a change (break into the new year gently and all that) and have a discussion about filtering in libraries. Following the great work conducted by those engaged with the Collective to reveal the state of filtering in public libraries, it seemed a good time to have a discussion around the implications and ramifications for both society and the profession of internet filtering.

The discussion will be hosted by @RadicalLibs on Twitter using the #radlibchat hashtag.

Potential questions for discussion*

  1. What ethical/professional issues does filtering raise?
  2. Are there good reasons for filtering? How do we balance our responsibilities?
  3. What could be done at policy level?
  4. What could be done in individual libraries?
  5. What can library workers do?
  6. What should next steps be for e.g. CILIP?

* All welcome to suggest alternative Qs for discussion…these are suggestions at this stage!

#radlibchat – 10th November 2015

For the fourth radlibchat at 20.00 (GMT) on Tuesday 10th November, we will be discussing John Buschman (2005) On Libraries and the Public Sphere. This link is to an open access post-print of the article.

The discussion will be hosted by @RadicalLibs on Twitter using the #radlibchat hashtag.

Questions to frame the discussion to come…keep an eye on our Twitter account for updates.

Questions to frame the discussion

1. To what extent is librarianship in 2015 in a more precarious state than previously?

2. Is there a disjunct or “structural contradiction” between our purposes/practices and current environment? Why/why not?

3. Are there changes in our practice/professional values as a community, or as individuals, that have made us more precarious?

4. How do we respond to our current environment?

6. Who/what is sovereign and thus normalizing/determining the current state of librarianship?

“sovereign is he who decides on the state of exception: If there is some person or institution, in a given polity, capable of bringing about a total suspension of the law and then to use extra-legal force to normalize the situation, then that person or institution is the sovereign in that polity” (Carl Schmitt)

#radlibchat – 13th October 2015

For the third radlibchat at 20.00 (BST) on Tuesday 13th October, we will be discussing Gabriella Coleman’s (2009) journal article Code is Speech: Legal Tinkering, Expertise, and Protest among Free and Open Source Software Developers. This link is to an open access post-print of the article.

The discussion will be hosted by @RadicalLibs on Twitter using the #radlibchat hashtag.

Questions to frame the discussion to come…keep an eye on our Twitter account for updates.

Questions for framing discussion

1) Should code be treated as speech? To what extent should LIS workers engage in this issue?

2) To what extent is there a link between libraries and FOSS software? How could libraries engage in this area?

3) What links or differences are there in the approach to politics taken by programmers and LIS workers?

4) Do you think LIS workers would benefit from informal legal expertise? If so, how could LIS workers acquire it?

5) Can piracy of proprietary (non-FOSS) software ever be justified?

6) To what extent should we work within a legal framework if we believe the state making the laws is unjust?

Upcoming chats:

10th November 2015 – On Libraries And The Public Sphere by John Buschman.

#radlibchat – 21st July 2015

Althusser’s Ideological State Apparatus

Published in 1970, Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses (Notes towards an Investigation) was Althusser’s exploration of ideology, how it is disseminated and how it is consumed. Althusser proposes that there are a number of ideological state apparatuses (ISAs) through which the dominant ideology is disseminated, the predominant of which is the education ISA.

Althusser’s original piece is 18,000 words long and available here. For the purposes of this discussion, we shall focus on a key section of the text where Althusser explores the key ISAs and how they operate. The extract is available here. Ideally, it would be preferable to read the full article, but if this is not possible the extract should enable you to partake in the conversation.

The #radlibchat will focus on a number of key questions to help frame the discussion:

  1. Does ideology create a false consciousness that can be overcome or is it entirely unconscious?
  2. What role do libraries play in reinforcing the dominant ideologies within the education ISA?
  3. Althusser wrote his theory in 1970, before the internet. Is it still relevant? Is the educational ISA still dominant?
  4. To what extent do library spaces create and maintain the interpellation of users of the service, directing and removing active agency within the community?
  5. How can we in our roles subvert the dominant ideology? Is it possible within larger structures that reinforce them?

#radlibchat will take place at 2000 BST on Tuesday 21st July and will be hosted by @RadicalLibs on Twitter, comments and discussion are also encouraged in the comments below, both for further discussion and so as to enable those not on Twitter to engage in the discussions.

Suggestions for articles to discuss at future #radlibchat events can be made using the Google Form here.

 

Sessions proposed for Radical Librarians Huddersfield #radlib15

All sessions are listed on the etherpad. If you have an idea for a topic for discussion, head on over and share it with the community (don’t worry about whether or not your idea sounds “academic”, many of us that have attended previous RLC gatherings aren’t schooled in the language of academia or philosophy. All that matters is that it is consistent with the RLC ethos.)

I’d like to do a thing about other forms of radicalism in academic libraries – not just radical librarianship and radical politics but radical live art, radical DIY publications etc.  It shouldn’t just exist in public or zine libraries or libraries in art spaces and social centres. This is sparked by seeing how radical performance art has been used in medical education and thinking about the academic library’s role both in supporting learning and teaching and providing spaces that cross disciplinary and cultural boundaries. Most art in academic libraries is part of the university collection or a display of student work and often a) static and visual b) controlled.
(Proposer: pennyb)

I would like to pitch a session on ‘teams’/what do we mean when we describe something as a team/management speak within the organisation. This follows from my MSc research where I discovered that people tend to quote definitions of what certain words mean without linking them to their actual working practices or experiences. I’m also interested in looking at the “professional divide” in libraries and how this impacts team working.
(Proposer: Jesshaigh)

I’d like to put forward an idea for discussion 🙂 I think the introduction of fees has changed the perceptions of higher education (HE) library users, and resulted in some visitors going beyond the very common use of a favourite spot to claiming ownership of whole areas of the library. This isn’t to say librarians own it (although some will suggest so!), but claiming the space in such a way can deter other patrons, and in some cases has resulted in aggressive or overtly intimidating behaviour. Libraries should be flexible to accommodate most usage, but not to the point where visitors feel unsafe – libraries should be safe places. How can we deal with this?
(Proposer: bryonyramsden)

I’d be interested in discussing the Leiden Manifesto http://www.nature.com/news/bibliometrics-the-leiden-manifesto-for-research-metrics-1.17351 and how it might help librarians in research-intensive institutions to resist: the obsession with bibliometrics/scientometrics being used as a way to measure performance; the bias towards ‘high impact’ Englishlanguage publications rather than the most appropriate form of dissemination of information; and the broader, worrying trend towards using quantity (of citations, of publications, downloads, whatever) as a proxy for quality (originality, integrity, uniqueness (is that a word?)).
(Proposer: Tanya Williamson)

Ian and I would like to run a session on starting local networks with the aim of helping people feel more comfortable about going away and doing this if they want to. We’ll discuss practicalities of getting things off the ground regarding things like communication and space as well as talking through difficulties and things that have/haven’t worked. We’re still in the process of working on how the session will be run but we’re hoping it will be collaborative with plenty of discussion.
(Proposer: Sarah Arkle and Ian Clark)
Sarah and Ian would appreciate folk completing the short survey available here ahead of the gathering on the 4th July.

I’d like to talk about HE libraries as sites for cultural reproduction and/or contestation in light of the neoliberalisation of Education following Browne. I’m also interested in what people think about the way public and academic libraries are painted as totally different (eg. why is it normal to talk about social justice issues in public librarianship but not academic – as if universities are beyond that somehow).
(Proposer: Katherine Quinn)

Another from me! Not fully fleshed out etc, but I’d like to know how we can promote critical thinking and social responsibility to library visitors (public or academic) if we have little to no contact with them.  I liked the HE example of using a search that linked up to it in info skills teaching e.g. feminism (although we are often expect to use searches specific to assignments as examples as priority).  At Hud, we’ve been creating small book displays on a regular basis and often sneak in something that might be counted, but we don’t know how far that reaches (we do know people borrow items from the display so we know it does reach someone!).
(Proposer: Bryony Ramsden)

Information services and mutual support for international librarians. This relates to the trips I recently went on to Singapore and Palestine and how RLC can try and support librarians and information workers to develop skills, knowledge, resources, technologies, access etc. With funding being so scarce in many marginalised and oppressed environments and communities, I would like us to talk about our role as a radical community that wish to share and develop a strong network that is not bound by the traditions of statehood, economy, limitation and restriction. I would really like it to be an open discussion (whereby I don’t really plan a lot but could happily talk about some the experiences I had in Singapore and Palestine that have informed this suggestion) rather than me banging on and on about things as I get sick of my own drab monotones, so if there’s interest, that’s cool, but if not, then I’d happily let it fall to one side and let other suggestions take precedent.

(Pro)poser: Kevin Sanders

I’d like to do a journal chat club type #critLIS thing, looking at Althusser’s Ideological State Apparatus (ISAs) as described in Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses [source: https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/althusser/1970/ideology.htm] ]. Rather than read and discuss the whole piece, however (it’s 18,000 words long!), I prefer to focus on the part of the essay specifically focused on the section entitled “The State Ideological Apparatuses”. I would like to discuss this theory with others in the context of libraries (both public and academic). The extract is also available in a Google Doc here. I might add that I am not very theory orientated, but I am interested in having a discussion with others in relation to Althusser’s theory, how it is reflected in libraries and what, if anything, can we do to tackle the consequences of this. Might be better as an afternoon session to give people a chance to read it beforehand. I’m also happy to ditch this session if space does not permit it and run at later date as an online chat (particularly as I am already running a session with Sarah).
(Proposer: Ian Clark)

I’m somewhat shooting from the hip here, but I’d like to talk about the issues surrounding internet security and surveillance, linking these topics to the wider importance of library and information practices for political activities. It may be more of a theme than a session, as I can see related elements cropping up in the other sessions, but thought I’d just pop it down here. NB: I’m not claiming to be any kind of an expert in these things! I’m very new to it all in practice, so have only a veneer of technical knowledge, but do think it ties in very closely with my general interests in autonomy, (intellectual) freedom etc., and is significant for RLC.

(Pro)poser: Kevin Sanders

 

The day itself is currently scheduled as follows:

10-10:30 Introduction and session proposals
10:30-11:15 Parallel Session 1
11:15-12:00 Parallel Session 2
12:00-12:45 Parallel Session 3
12:45-13:30 Lunch
13:30-14:15 Parallel Session 4
14:15-15:00 Parallel Session 5
15:00-15:45 Parallel Session 6
15:45-16:30 Plenary
With two rooms available, this should ensure 12 sessions will take place. However, the above schedule may be subject to change depending on the number of sessions that folk are willing to deliver.

Suggesting sessions at Radical Librarians, Huddersfield #radlib15

RLC aims to be non-hierarchical, non-intimidatory, and – actually – fun! This ethos extends to the way we all collectively set the agenda for the day through suggestions for sessions.

As in previous years, we’ll have some time first thing during which individuals (or pairs/ small groups) with an idea for a session (no matter how fledgling!) can offer it up to the rest of the RLCers. You can make your suggestion in advance by etherpad, and use this to get an idea of what other people are planning. The idea is not to “pitch” your idea against other peoples ideas; all contributions are welcome and there is no judgement. Your idea can be fully prepared and extensively researched, or can just be a suggestion thought up on a whim. Sessions in the past have covered all sorts of aspects of radical library and information work, including (but by no means exhausting!)

  • Librarianship as a feminist issue
  • BDSM and libraries
  • Librarians and challenging the state
  • Disability and inclusivity in libraries
  • Critical theory (or, the lack of) in LIS MA courses
  • Professional ethics and copyright

Just because we’ve had these before does not preclude them as topics for this year! Other future topics could include casualisation of LIS work, LIS and race/ethnicity, corporate culture, un/under-employment, unionisation…no idea is a bad one as long as it aligns with RLC values.

In your suggestion, don’t feel like you need to be overly formal or use academic language; the more easily accessible the better. If speaking in front of a largeish group of people is not your thing, we still want to hear from you, so please consider another option:

  • Suggest via etherpad in advance; either with a friend or with an invitation for collaborators to get in touch so that you’re not alone on the day.
  • Make your suggestion anonymously via etherpad in advance (or on paper on the day) and one of this year’s organisers can make it on your behalf and help facilitate the workshop on the day.

If you have any other suggestions on how to make suggesting sessions more inclusive on the day, please email us: radicallibs@gmail.com

#radlib15 – The Huddersfield Gathering

We are pleased to welcome library and information workers from across the country to the third Radical Librarians Collective gathering in Huddersfield on Saturday 4th July [tickets available here]. After much wrangling to find the appropriate venue, we are pleased to have managed to have arranged to host the discussions at The Yorkshire Children’s Centre at Brian Jackson House.

As per previous gatherings, everyone who subscribes to the principles of the Radical Librarians Collective is welcome and encouraged to attend. To ensure that we remain free from sponsorship and any corporate influence, the gathering is free to attend with voluntary donations welcomed to cover the associated costs from ensuring it is an independent and safe space for discussion.

#radlib15, as with all gatherings of the Radical Librarians Collective, will adhere to the agreed safer spaces policy which you can read here. The safety and inclusion of everyone that attends is fundamental to the day. If you have any additional suggestions to ensure that the safer spaces policy reflects this, please do let us know.

We will be posting regular updates on Twitter over the coming weeks leading up to the conference using the #radlib15 hashtag and we will be using the blog to share more information as we approach the day of the gathering – see our dedicated Huddersfield page for updates. If you have an idea for a session, we would encourage you to pitch it in advance using the comments field on the Huddersfield page the Ethernet pad that has been created here – but please do not feel this is obligatory, pitches, as always, can be made on the day!

Stay tuned for more deets as and when and if you have any questions, do fire us a line via email or via our Twitter account at @RadicalLibs.